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Evidence Synthesis

Common Reporting Standards

Standards can be used both to make sure that your review meets requirements and to assess the quality of the studies you report on.  More reporting standards available at the Equator Network

Reporting Standards Type of Studies

AGREE Reporting Checklist
Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation  Reporting Checklist

Clinical Practice
ARRIVE Guidelines 2.0
Animal Research:  Reporting of In Vivo Experiments
Animal Pre-Clinical Studies
CARE Guidelines
CAse REport Guidelines
Case Studies
CHEERS Statement
Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards
Economic evaluations
CONSORT Statement
Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials
Randomized Trials, Clinical Trials, Experimental Studies

eMERGe Project
Meta-ethnography Reporting Guidance

Meta Ethnography Studies

ENTREQ Statement
Enhancing transparency in reporting the synthesis of qualitative research

Qualitative Research
MOOSE Statement
Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies in Epidemiology
Observational Studies, Public Health, Epidemiology
PRISMA Statement (formerly QUOROM)
Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses
Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols
Systematic Review and Meta Analyses Protocols
Realist and Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses:  Evolving Standards
Meta-Narrative Reviews, Realist Synthesis

Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials

Clinical Trial and Experimental Study  Protocols
SQUIRE 2.0 Standards
Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence
Quality Improvement Studies
Standards for reporting qualitative research
Qualitative Research
STARD Statement
Standards for Reporting Studies of of Diagnostic Accuracy
Clinical Trials, Diagnostic and Prognostic Studies, Experimental Studies, Observational Studies
STARLITE Statement
Sampling stratagy, type of study, approaches, range of years, limits, inclusion and exclusion, terms used, electronic sources
Literature Searches
STrengthening the REporting of Genetic Association Studies
Genetic Association Studies
STROBE Statement
STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology
Observational studies in epidemiology (cohort, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies)

Adapted from Booth, A. (2016). Systematic approaches to a successful literature review (Second edition.). Sage.
and EQUATOR Network

  • Protocol - describes "the rationale, objectives, and methods that will be used in the systematic review." (Cochrane Reviews definition)

Protocol and Systematic Review Registries

Registering your protocol makes it accessible to the public.  Others can avoid duplicating your review; likewise, you can check whether your planned review has already been conducted.

University Libraries

One Bear Place #97148
Waco, TX 76798-7148

(254) 710-6702